I will start with a pulse raising exercise such as jogging to get my heart going, get the oxygen supply to increase to the working muscles and prepare it for physical activity, I will then move on to stretching, this is so I will not pull my muscles and cause injury to myself, I will then carry out mobility work where I will do such things as rotating my arms and ankles, this is to loosen up the joints and increase the range of movement and prepare them for physical activity.
Finally, I will carry out some skill training where I will work on certain aspects required in the game and improve them for game situations. One other thing that is useful and will help you when preparing for physical activity is psychologically preparing yourself so you are mentally ready and are focusing on what sport or event you are about to take part in. I need to carry out this warm up because if we suddenly jump into strenuous activity then our body want be able to cope with the sudden stresses, lactic acid will build up and our bodies will not be elastic enough.
WARM/COOL DOWN A warm/cool down involves a gentle period of cardiovascular activity which reduces the heart rate gradually and ensures waste products are removed, a range of stretches and mobility exercises to ensure that any waste products are removed. An effective warm/cool down will reduce the risk of muscular cramps and allow the individual to exercise comfortably the following day.
We need to carry out a warm/cool down after we exercise to allow our body to slow down gradually and recover to its resting state, with greater comfort. A warm/cool down will reduce the risk of blood pooling in the muscles, reduce the heart rate gradually and ensure that any waste products built up as a result of exercise are removed as fully as possible. I am now going to pick out two of my chosen exercises/activities and state why I have chosen them and how they will help me achieve my targets.
Running/cycling/rowing for long periods – because if I keep this up and do it regularly like I will be doing over the 6 week training programme in my continuous training eventually my heart walls will get thicker so each beat forces out more blood, my heart will have to pump less often because it is more efficient, my resting heart rate will decrease and my body will produce more red blood cells to carry more oxygen to the working muscles.
All of this will be useful because you also work in the aerobic zone in volleyball which is at 65-85% of your MHR (maximum heart rate) and running, cycling and rowing for long periods are all also aerobic activities therefore introducing aerobic activities into my training programme, leading to me improving my stamina and muscular endurance which is my aim. Shuttle runs (as part of my circuit training) – because it involves quick short distance sprints, which is an anaerobic activity.
This applies to me and is relevant to my chosen sport because you need to make quick sprints when moving for the ball and work in the anaerobic zone in volleyball. Furthermore, it is also useful because it introduces anaerobic activity into my training programme which I need for my chosen sport as the running, rowing and cycling in my continuous training involves working in the aerobic zone and it is good to have a mix of the two as volleyball involves both aerobic and anaerobic activity.
The whole idea of this training programme is to improve my chosen sport, in order for this to happen I have chosen to work on my muscular endurance and my stamina to do so. In order for the training programme I have come up with to improve my stamina and muscular endurance to be successful I need to introduce progression. This is where I start off with a low running/rowing/cycling time or a short period of carrying out my circuit training and gradually increase how hard I work in the training session, the number of times I train each week and the amount of time I train for.
We also need to include overload into are training sessions which is where we work much harder than normal and once again increase the number of times we train each week, increase how hard we work in each training session and increase the amount of time we train for. I am now going to look at the principles of training, SPORT, FITT and Training Zones. Specificity – When we train for our particular sport. Progression – When we increase our training gradually. Overload – When we work harder than normal. Reversibility – When were aware that if we stop training we lose fitness.
Tedium – When we make our training sessions interesting so that we won’t become bored. And Frequency – How often we train. Intensity – How hard we train. Time – How long we train for. Type – What kind of training we do. And finally, Aerobic Training Zone – When we train in this zone we improve aerobic fitness. To achieve this we need to make sure that when we exercise we keep our heart rate between 60 – 80% of our maximum heart rate. 60 – 80% of 210 = 125 – 170 beats per minute. Anaerobic Training Zones – When we train in this zone we improve our anaerobic fitness.
To achieve this we need to make sure that when we exercise we keep our heart rate above 80% of our maximum heart rate. 80%+ of 210 = over 170 beats per minute. In my training programme I have decided to apply Specificity, Progression and Overload. Specificity – Is when we train for our particular sport. I will apply this to my training programme as I will for example create myself my own skills training at the beginning of each session. Therefore making a part of the training I do specific to my sport and to my needs. Progression – Is when we increase our training gradually.
I will apply this to my training programme as every week I will increase the amount of time I work for and decrease the time I rest for, for example: Week 1 – I could work for 20 minutes and then have a rest for 2minutes. Then the following week I would increase it like this, Week 2 – I could work for 24minutes and then rest for 1minute and 45seconds. I would also increase the frequency in which I complete this. I would maybe complete this activity two times a week instead of 1 which I did in the following week and increase it this way as well.
One other way in which I will introduce progression to my training programme is through increasing the intensity in which I work, so for example I could do a harder activity for the period of time so my body is working at a harder rate therefore improving my fitness and successfully increasing my training at a gradual rate. This will help me in my training programme because I will work hard for 20minutes and then rest for 2minutes which is a respectable and achievable level that I would be able to cope with, then the following week I will increase the amount of time that I work for and once again decrease the amount of time I rest for.
This will eventually improve my fitness levels. Overload – Is when we work harder than normal. I will also apply this to my training programme. I will do this by increasing the amount of time I work for each week. This will help me in my training programme because my body will begin to be able to cope with the extra stress put upon it and this will also eventually result in me becoming fitter. In my training programme I am going to apply Progression and Overload throughout the six week period by using the training principle, F I T T.
I will do this by using each one of the F I T T principles and apply them to Progression and Overload. Frequency – Progression: I am going to gradually increase my training over the six week period. Overload: I will increase my training Week-by-week and I will train harder by extending the time that I train for. Intensity – Progression: I am going to gradually increase the intensity of my training. Overload: Once or twice a week I will work harder than normal.
Time – Progression: I will do this by gradually increasing the amount of time in which I work for over the six weeks. Overload: I will train for a longer period of time each week. Type – Progression: I will include different activities and gradually increase the level at which I work on in each activity. Overload: I will do this by training harder in each activity each week. Every week my training is going to gradually progress. To do this I will firstly, increase the amount of time in which I work for each week and decrease the amount of time in which I rest for.
For example, in week 1 I am going to work for 20minutes and rest for 2minutes then in Week 2 I am going to work for 24minutes and rest for 1minute and 45seconds. Gradually, each week my training will progress as each week I will be increasing the amount of time that I work for and decreasing the amount of time that I rest for, this also shows that I am working harder because each week I am going to be increasing the amount of time that I work for and decreasing the amount of time in which I rest for.