Carl Linnaeus – Biology

What is Science?
– a dynamic, cumulative system of verifiable facts, concepts (theories, laws, and principles) and methods – could be used to explain or predict a phenomenon
What is Biology?
– scientific study of living organisms

How to conduct a Scientific Study?

What is Botany?
– scientific study of plant life
Botanist – person who studies Botany

Historical Development of Botany

a. Early Human Culture
– folk taxonomy (toxicity: edible or not, lumber, decorate) Babylonians
– cultivation of crops
– papyrus, decoration
Greek & Romans
– Hyacinthos and Narcissos (emotional values-gentleness), decoration, medicine b. First Scientific Description
– plants’ nature and function
Empedocles from Agrient (Akragas)
– four immortal elements (WEFA)
– plants have reason, soul & common senxe
– plants have souls
– ingestion through roots; growth
– posses both genders
Theophrastus (student of Aristotle)
– established the first botanical garden
– De Historia Plantarum & De Causis Plantarum
– Father of Botany
c. Roman Reign
Dioscorides Pedanius
– superior authority in pharmacology
– illustrations of medicinal plants
Plinius Secundus “Pliny the Elder”
– published works: natural history of plants
– utility of plants
d. Dark Ages
– scientific activities became scarce
– Arabians and Moslems preserved some files
e. Renaissance
– establishment of universities (Europe)
– botanical researches for medicine
– several publications (letterpress)
f. 17th & 18th Century
– specialization in Science
Carl Von Linne (Carolus Linnaeus)
– binary nomenclature
– birth of Taxonomy
– Father of Taxonomy
– Father of Modern Botany
g. 19th Century

Fields of Botany

Plant Morphology – forms
Plant Cytology – cells
Plant Anatomy – internal parts
Plant Systematics & – classification based
Taxonomy – naming
Plant Embryology – early development
Plant Physiology – functions and processes
Plant Genetics – hereditary traits
Ecology – relationship of plants and environment
Palynology – pollen grain
Plant Geography – distribution of plants in diff. places
Plant Molecular Biology – molecular level
Economic Botany – use of plants commercially
Paleobotany – plant fossils
Phycology – algae
Horticulture – ornamental plants
Plant Pathology – diseases

Give/research the origin the complete details of csr evolution from the period 1800 down to year 2000 highlighting the issues like mazimization of profits. The critical question is: To what extentshould a business pursue pro? ts ? Carroll (1991, p. …

Pharmacology is a discipline that incorporates knowledge of molecular and cell biology, biochemistry, chemistry and physiology to analyze the association between therapeutic agents and biological processes. Pharmacologists study the mechanism and effects of action of chemical agents and drugs with …

* Hippocrates (Father of Medicine)- he stated that diseases have natural causes and the has the power to repair itself. * Aristotle (Greatest Ancient Scientist)- excelled in making observations made the most significant biological contributions. * Galen (Greatest Biologist of …

The NCI’s cancer biology is accomplished through the Division of Cancer Biology (DCB) that manages a multidisciplinary program of basic and applied research on cancer cell biology. The most areas dealt with are such as research on carcinogenesis and cancer …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out