Plant – Pharmacology

Ayensu, E. S, and DeFilipps, R. A. , 1978. Endangered and Threatened Plants of the United States. Smithsonian Institution Press and World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC. Ayuvedaherbs. 2005. Importance of Medicinal plants. The article was retrieved from” http://ayuvedaherbs. wordpress. com/2005/12/” Badoni, A. and Bisht, C. 2009. Importance and Problems in Natural Regeneration of Spondias pinnata. Report and opinion, 1(5):12-13. Barry, A. L. , 1976 . Principle & practice of Microbiology. 3rd Ed. , Lea & Fabager, Philadelphia Basta, G, Lupi, C, Lazzerini, G, Chiarelli, P, L’Abbate, A and Rovai, D, 2004.

Therapeutic effect of diagnostic ultrasound on enzymatic thrombolysis. An in vitro study on blood of normal subjects and patients with coronary artery disease. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 91:1078-1083. Bauer, A. W. , Kirby, W. M. M. , Sherris, J. C. and Turck, M. , 1966. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 45(4):493-496. Bernard J, 1789. Genera plantarum: secundum ordines naturales disposita, juxta methodum in Horto regio parisiensi exaratam, anno M. DCC. LXXIV. In-vitro Investigation of Biological activity of aerial part of S. pinnata (Family:Anacardiaceae) Page 72 REFERENCE Reference Britton, N.

L and Brown, A, 1897. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States. Atlantic Ocean Westward, Volume 2. Brown, R. , Tuckey, Kingston, J. , and Smith, C. , 1818. Observations, Systematical and Geographical, on Professor Christian Smith’s Collection of Plants from the Vicinity of the River Congo. Candolle, A. P. , Alphonse, C. , 1825. Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis: sive enumeratio contracta ordinum generum specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarum, juxta methodi naturalis Norma’s digesta. Chetia, B. , and Gogoi, S. 2011.

Antibacterial activity of the methanolic extract of stem barks of Spondias pinnata, Moringa oleifera and Alstonia scholaris. Asian Journal of Traditional Medicines, 6(4). Chin, Y-W. , Balunas, M. J. , Chai, H. B. and Kinghorn, A. D. 2006. Drug Discovery from Natural Sources. AAPS Journal; 8(2): E239-E253 Chowdhury, J. U. , Alam, M. K. and Hasan, M. A. 2010. Some traditional folk formularies against diversity and diarrhoea in Bangladesh.

Journal of economic and taxonomic botany, Additional Series 12: 20-23. Cronquist, A. , 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. Brottonia, 34 (2): 268-270. Cronquist, A. , 1988. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants.

Bronx, NY: New York Botanical Garden. Das, J. , Mannan, A. , Rahman, M. M. , Dinar, M. A. N. , Uddin, M. E. , Khan, I. N. , Habib, M. R. , and Hasan, N. 2011. Chloroform and Ethanol Extract of Spondias Pinnata and its Different Pharmacological activity Like- Antioxidant, Cytotoxic, Antibacterial Potential and Phytochemical Screening through In-Vitro Method. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, 2(4): 1805-1812. In-vitro Investigation of Biological activity of aerial part of S. pinnata (Family:Anacardiaceae)

Page 73 Reference Desmarchelier, C. , Repetto, M. , Coussio, J. , Liesuy, S. , and Ciccia, G, 1997. Antioxidant and prooxidant activities in aqueous extracts of Argentine plants. International Journal of Pharmacognosy and phytochemical research, 35:116-120. Encyclopaedia britannica, 2012. Anacardiaceae. The article was retrieved from” http://www. britannica. com/EBchecked/topic/22229/Anacardiaceae” Ethnobotanical database of Bangladesh, 2010.

The article was retrieved from” http://www. ethnobotanybd. com/index. php? action=Taxonomy&key=sci#” Fabricant, D. S and Farnsworth, N. R. 2001. The Value of Plants Used in Traditional Medicine for Drug Discovery.

Environmental Health Perspectives, 109, supplement 1. Faiz, M. , 2011. Amra medicinal uses, nutrition and food value. The article was retrieved from” http://theindependentbd. com/stethoscope/77749-amra-medicinal-uses-nutrition-and food value. html Fauci, A. , 1998. New and reemerging diseases: The importance of biomedical research. Emerging infectious diseases. The article was retrieved from www. cdc. gov/ncidod/EID/vol4no3/fauci Gardner, S. , Sidisunthorn P. & Anusarnsunthorn, V. 2000. A field guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand. Kobfai Publishing Project. Thailand. Ghani, A. , 2003.

Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh, The Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, 2nd Revised Edition. , Dhaka, Bangladesh Ghani, A. , and Pasha, M. K, 2006. Traditional medicine. The article was retrieved from” http://www. banglapedia. org/httpdocs/HT/T_0207. HTM” Government of India, 2001. Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India. Part 1, Volume 2, pp 5. David J. Newman, Gordon M. Cragg, and Kenneth M. Snader, 2003, Natural Products as Sources of New Drugs over the Period 1981-2002, Journal of Natural Products, 66:1022- 1037. In-vitro Investigation of Biological activity of aerial part of S. pinnata (Family:Anacardiaceae).

Page 74 Reference Norman R. Farnsworth, Olayiwola Akerele, Audrey S. Bingel, Djaja D. Soejarto, and Zhengang Guo, 1985, Medicinal plants in therapy, Bull World Health Organ, 63(6): 965–981. Choi H. Y. , Jhun E. J. , Lim B. O. , Chung I. M. , Kyung S. H. and Park D. K. , 2000. Application of flow injection-chemilumineacence to the study of radical scavenging activity in plants. Phytother Res. 14, 250-253. Daniel S. , Fabricant M. , Norman R. , Farnsworth, 2001. The Value of Plants Used in Traditional Medicine for Drug Discovery Environmental Health Perspectives, volume 109, supplements 1. Cox, P.

A. and Balick, M. J. 1994, “The Ethnobotanical Approach to Drug Discovery,” Scientific American, 16:85-83. Kirtee Khairnar, Lekshmy H, Milind j Bhitre / International Journal of Ayuvedic and Herbal Medicine, 2011, 1: 2 Maclaughlin J. L. , Anderson J. E. , Rogers and Lingling, L. , 1998, Drug Info Journal, 32: 513- 524. www. google . com//phytochemical research. org. com T. N. Tiwari et al / Phytotherapy Research, 16(4): 393 – 394. Kirtee Khairnar, Lekshmy H, Milind j Bhitre / International Journal of Ayuvedic and Herbal Medicine, 2011, 1(2): 243.

Maged S Abdel-Kader et al / J. Nat. Prod., 1997, 60(12): 1294–1297. A. kumar,R. llavarasan, T. jayachandran,M. Decaraman, P. Aravindhan, 2009, Phytochemical investigation on a tropical plant, Syzygium cumini from kattuppalayam, Pakistan journal of nutrition, 8(1):83-85.

JanLietava, Solecki & Shanidar, 1975, medicinal plant in middle paleolithik, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 35( 3): 263-266. In-vitro Investigation of Biological activity of aerial part of S. pinnata (Family:Anacardiaceae) Page 75 Reference Famsworth, N. R. , O. Akerele, A. S. Bingel, D. D. Soejarto, and Z. -G. Guo. 1985, Medicinal plants in therapy, Bull WHO 63: 965-981.

Sadique J, Al-Rqobah WA, Bugharlth ME, El-Gindy AR 1989, The bioactivity of certain medicinal plants on the stabilization of RBC membrane system, Fitoterapia, 6: 525-532. Bayer A. W, Kirby W. M. M, Sherris J. C. and Turck M. , 1966, Antibiotic susceptibility testing by a standardized single disc method, Am. J. Clin. Pathol, 45: 493-496. Kawasaki T, Katoh M, Kaku S, Gushima H, 2002, New therapeutic agents in thrombosis and thrombolysis, Jpn J Pharmacol , 63:9–16. . Patrick R. Murray, Ellen Jo Baron, 2003, Manual of clinical microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 1: 258, 1112. M.

Haque, M. Obayed Ullah and K. Nahar, 2009, in vitro Antibacterial and Cytotoxic Activities of Different Parts of Plant Swietenia mahagony, Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 12:599-602. Gani A, 2005, practical phytochemistry (including methods of phytochemical studies), PP 22-23. Harborne, J. B. , 1998. Phytochemical methods: A guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. 3rd Edn. , Chapman and Hall Int. Ed. , NY. Harvey, A. L, 2008. Natural products in drug discovery. Elsevier, 13(19/20):894-901. Hickman, J. C, 1993. Anacardiaceae the Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California.

University of California Press, Berkeley. pp 134-137. Hostettmann, K and Terreaux, C. 2000. Search for New Lead Compounds from Higher Plants. CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 54: 652-657. Hoque, M. M. , Hassan, M. A. and Khan, M. R. 1990. Studies in the antibacterial activity of plants available in Bangladesh. Ploigonum L. J. Asiatic society of Bangladesh (Sc), 12(1):77- 82. In-vitro Investigation of Biological activity of aerial part of S. pinnata (Family:Anacardiaceae) Page 76 Reference Kandali, R, Konwar, B. K. , 2011. Isolation and Characterization of Active Compound from.

Fruits of Medicinal Plant Spondias pinnata Kurz. Indian Journal of Agricultural Biochemistry, 24(1): 29-33. Judd, W. S. , Campbell, C. S. , Kellog, E. A. , Stevens, P. F. and Donoghue, M. J. 2007. Taxonomy. Plant Systematics – A Phylogenetic Approach, 3rd edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland. Kokate, C. K. , 2001. Pharmacognosy. 16th Edn. , Nirali Prakasham, India. Laurence, D. R. , Bennett, P. N, 1992. Clinical Pharmacology: 7th Edition. Page 483 Lijnen, H. R, Vanhoef, B, DeCock, F, Okada, K, Ueshima, S, and Matsuo, O. 1991. On the mechanism of fibrin-specific plasminogen activation by staphylokinase.

Journal of Biological Chemistry, 266:11826–11832. Liawruangrath, B. , Pholsongkram, K, Kongtaweelert, S, and Keawsaard, S. , 2009. Chemical constituents of essential oil from the pulp of Spondias pinnata Kurz. 35th Congress on Science and Technology of Thailand. Lindley, F. R. S. , Torrey, M. D. , 1831. An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany: or A Systematic View of the Organization, Natural Affinities, and Geographical Distribution of the Whole Vegetable Kingdom Longman, O. , 2005. Indian medicinal plant (Vol 1). pp 309. Mollik, A.

H. , Hossan, M. S. , Paul, A. K. , Rahman, M. T., Jahan, R. , and Rahmatullah, M. , 2010. A Comparative Analysis of Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Healers in Three Districts of Bangladesh and Inquiry as to Mode of Selection of Medicinal Plants. Ethnobotany Research & Applications, 8:195-218. Mondal, S. , Dash G. K. , 2009.
Hypoglycemic activity of the bark of Spondias pinnata Linn. kurz. Pharmacognosy magazine, 5(19): 42-45. In-vitro Investigation of Biological activity of aerial part of S. pinnata (Family:Anacardiaceae) Page 77 Reference Mondal, S. , Dash G. K. , Acharyya, S. , Brahma, D. K. , and Bal, S. 2009.

Studies on diuretic and laxative activity of bark extracts of Spondias pinnata (Linn. f) Kurz. Pharmacognosy magazine, 5(19): 28-31. Muhammad, A. , Muhammad, M. S. , Kabir, A. N. M. , Kabir, S. , and Muhammad, M. K. 2011. Antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of Spondias pinnata (Linn. f. ) Kurz fruit extract. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources, 2(2): 265-267. Nicolini, F. A, Nichols, W. W, Mehta, J. L, Saldeen, T. G, Schofield R, Ross M, Player, D. W, Pohl G. B, and Mattsson C. 1992. Sustained reflow in dogs with coronary thrombosis with K2P, a novel mutant of tissue plasminogen activator.

Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 20:228–235. Panda, B. K. , Patra, V. J. , Mishra, U. S. , Kar, S. , Panda, B. R. , Hati, M. R. 2009. Analgesic activities of the stem bark extract of Spondias pinata (Linn. f) Kurz. Journal of Pharmacy Research, 2(5): 825-827. Pavel, P. , Enayet, A. B. M. , 2007. Ethnobotanical Investigation into the Mandi Ethnic Community in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy, 14(2): 129-145. Pell, S. K. 2009. Anacardiaceae: Cashew family.

The article was retrieved fromhttp://tolweb. org/Anacardiaceae/21262 Pell, S. K. , Mitchell, J. D., Miller, A. J. , and Lobova, T. A. , 2011. The families & Genera of vascular plants (Volume 10). Chapter 3: Anacardiaceae. Springer-

Heidelberg Dordrecht NY. pp 7-9, 12, 13. Pinner, R. , Teutsch, S. , Simonsen, L. , Klug, L. , Graber, J. , Clarke, M. and Berkelman, R. , 1996. Trends in infectious diseases mortality in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association, 275:189–193. Prasad, S. , Daginawala, H. F. , Kashyap, R. S. , Deopujari, J. Y. , Purohit, H. J. and Taori, G. M. , 2006. Development of an in vitro model to study clot lysis activity of thrombolytic drugs.

Thrombosis Journal, 4:14. In-vitro Investigation of Biological activity of aerial part of S. pinnata (Family:Anacardiaceae) Page 78 Reference Purohit, V. K, Andola, H. C, 2010. Nutritive and mineral value of ripe fruits Evaluation of nutritive and mineral value in ripe fruits of Spondias pinnata from two location of Western Himalaya, India. International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries, 2(3): 233- 236. Rahmatullah, M. , Mollik, A. H. , Hossan, M. S. , Paul, A. K. , Rahman, M. T. , and Jahan, R. , 2010. A Comparative Analysis of Medicinal Plants Used by Folk Medicinal Healers in Villages Adjoining the Ghaghot, Bangali and Padma Rivers of Bangladesh. American- Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 4(1): 70-85 Rao, B. G, Jayaraju, N. , 2009.

Anthelmintic activities of Glycosmis pentaphylla and Spondias pinnata. IPRHC,1(1): 91-96. Rao, B. G. , Raju, N. J. 2010. Investigation of hepatoprotective activity of Spondias pinnata. International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research, 1(3): 193-198. Rastogi, R. P, Mehrotra, B. N, 1993. Compendium of Indian medicinal plants. pp. 643. Rastogi, R. P, Tandon, S. , 1976. Studies on the chemical constituents of Spondias pinnata.

Planta medica, 29: 190-192. Sadhu, S. K. , E. Okuyama, H, and Ishibashi, M. , 2003. Separation of Leucas aspera, a medicinal plant of Bangladesh, guided by prostaglandin inhibitory and antioxidant activities. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 51:595-598. Samy RP et al. , 2008. A compilation of Bioactive Compounds from Ayurveda. Bioinformation, 3(3):100–110. Sashidhara, K. V, 2005. Natural products as drugs. The article was retrieved from” http://www. vigyanprasar. gov. in” Setzer, W. N, 1999. Natural Products Drug Discovery.

The article was retrieved from” http://chemistry. uah.edu/faculty/setzer/natprod. html” In-vitro Investigation of Biological activity of aerial part of S. pinnata (Family:Anacardiaceae) Page 79 Reference Silprasit, K. , Seetaha, S. , Pongsanarakul, P. , Hannongbua, S. and Choowongkomon, K. 2011. Anti-HIV-1 reverse transcriptase activities of hexane extracts from some Asian medicinal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(17), pp. 4194-4201. Simpson, M. G. , 2010. Chapter 1 Plant Systematics: an Overview. Plant Systematics, 2nd ed. Sofowara, A. , 1993.
Medicinal plants and traditional medicine in Africa. Spectrum Books Ltd, Ibadan, Nigeria.p. 289. Tingshuang, Y. , Wen, J. , and Parfitt, D. E. , 2008. Phylogenetics and reticulate evolution in Pistacia (Anacardiaceae). American Journal of Botany, 95(2): 241–251. Uddin, M. S. , 2010. Ethnobotanical Studies of the Khumi Community in Bandarban District, Bangladesh Vorvick, L. J. , 2010.
Thrombus. The article was retrieved from http://adam. about. net/encyclopedia/Thrombus. htm Trease, G. E. , and Evans, W. C. , 1989. Pharmacognsy. 11th edn. Brailliar Tiridel Can. Macmillian publishers. In-vitro Investigation of Biological activity of aerial part of S. pinnata (Family:Anacardiaceae).

Plants are extremely useful for us. On the one hand they provide us with the oxygen we need to be able to breathe. But furthermore, they contribute with nutrients through food. The use of the plant as food has been …

1 Geo F. Brooks, et al. , Jawetz, Melrick and Adelberg’s Medicinal Microbiology 25th ed. (USA : Appleton and Lange, 2007) 2Ludivina S. de Padua, “Handbook on Philippine Medicinal Plants,” Technical Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 2, p. 1. 3 Michael …

Over millions of people take medicine on a daily bases to cover up or suppress the symptoms of their illnesses. By doing this they end up further damaging their bodies without addressing the main issue. Is there no other way …

S. K. M. BASHA*, E. RAJYALAKSHMI, P. UMA MAHESHWARI [email protected] com, [email protected] co. in, [email protected] com Assocate Professor and Research scholars, NBKR Medicinal Plant Research Centre, Vidyanagar – 524413, SPSR Nellore Dist, Andhra Pradesh, India. Key words – Ayurveda – …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy