The research question was not properly stated in the article, in the same way that the research problem was not also effectively included in the paper. Although not explicitly presented, the article was still able to look into the redesigned health case systems of the eleven institutions in question. At the same time, it has been consistent with philosophical basis, the underlying tradition and the concepts defined in the article (O’Reilley, 2007).
This critique would also look in the methods used by the authors of the article- the research design and tradition, sample used, data collection, procedure and the enhancement of rigor. The method used in the research though presented was not explicitly discussed. Data should be obtained through self-analysis, expert consultation, 10 potentially better practice areas that were defined. It would look into the vision and philosophy, unit culture, family participation in care and families as members of the board of advisors.
The vision and philosophy statements of these different health institutions have been incorporated into their culture by including them in their letterheads as a reminder of their commitment in serving the patients better by incorporating their families in their caregiving practices (Moore, et al. , 2003). In order to for these health care institutions to easily incorporate the vision statement into their unit culture, the administration should work hand in hand with their patients and the other staff members in drafting the statements.
In order to make sure that the statements of the different hospitals be incorporated properly in their culture, the Institute for Family Centered Care cited eight steps that hospitals and other health institutions could follow to ensure a better journey towards an effective family-centered care system. First, hospitals and other health institutions must implement a process for all the senior staff members and administrators that could help them learn everything about patient- and family- centered care.
In this process, it is also very important to include the patients, their families, and the representatives of staff from all the disciplines. Second, health institutions must appoint a patient- and family-centered steering committee whose members are made up of patients, their families, and the formal and informal leaders of the organization. Third, evaluate the extent to which the concepts of family-centered care are currently incorporated in the hospital and health system.
Fourth, hospitals should be able to set priorities and develop an action plan to further establish a patient- and family-centered care system at the hospitals. Fifth, the action plan shall be used as a guide to begin including the patient- and family-centered concepts and strategies in the goals the institution whish to achieve. Sixth, include patients or their families to serve as an advisor or heads of the institutions’ key committees. Seventh, education and support must be provided to patients, families and staff to collaborate effectively for the improvement of health care and in redesigning it.
Lastly, institutions should monitor changes made, evaluate the different processes, be able to measure the impact, and continue to advance practice, and celebrate and recognize success (2006). Under the family-center care system, families are not just visitors but viewed as important members of the team that takes care of their infants. At the same time, families are considered to be the primary decision makers for their child’s health. They are asked how they would like to take part in their infants’ care. Afterwards, they shall e given the chance to discuss and record the observations of their infants (Moore, et al. , 2003).