1. Smith, Hinduism. Some people are satisfied with ordinary pleasures, such as food, TV, a job, and some aren’t. What explains the difference, according to Hindus? 2. Smith, Hinduism. How do Hindus prepare for death? 3. Bhagavad Gita. In chap. 10, Krishna explains his nature to Arjuna, but Arjuna is not satisfied. What more does he want? 4. Smith, Confucianism. How does Smith define “li”? 5. Confucius. What does Confucius say is difficult for him? 6. Confucius. Book 15 describes ways a gentleman relates to other people. What are two of them?
7. Siddhartha. Siddhartha says the chief Samana is old. Why does that fact help persuade him to leave the Samanas? 8. Siddhartha. At the end of the story, Siddhartha says there is a small difference between him and other people. What is it? 9. Smith, Buddhism. What are three important differences between big raft Buddhism and little raft Buddhism? 10. Socrates. What conclusion does Socrates draw from his involvement in Athenian politics? 11. *Optional Bonus. Smith, Buddhism. What attractive qualities did the Buddha have? PART B.
Please answer each question as fully as possible in the time you have. 1. First, find at least one generalization in the following passage. About what group is Smith generalizing? Is the generalization universal or limited? Second, find at least one classification. Is Smith dividing a group into subgroups, or placing an individual into a class? “All Hindu religious thought denies that the world of nature is self-existent. It is grounded in God, and if this divine base were removed it would instantly collapse into nothingness.
For the dualist the natural world is as real as God is, while of course being infinitely less exalted. God, individual souls, and nature are distinct kinds of beings, none of which can be reduced to the others. Non-dualists, on the other hand, distinguish three modes of consciousness under which the world can appear. The first is hallucination, . . . Second, there is the world as it normally appears to the human senses. Finally, there is the world as it appears to _yogis_ who have risen to a state of superconsciousness. ” (Smith, _The World’s Religions_, p. 69)
the statement all hindu religion thought denies that the world is existent – universal generalization all the members of some group, limited generalization is about some of the members of a group he classifies both the dualists and the non dualists – dividing groups into subgroups 2. In the following passage, what things did Darwin compare? Did he see only similarities, only differences, or both similarities and differences? As the Beagle sailed down the South American coast, Darwin noticed that the animals he saw in one place were replaced farther along by others that were similar but not quite identical.
They belonged to the same genus, or family group, but were of different species, or particular types. Sometimes, instead, they belonged to the same species but differed in some slight way, such as having tails of different length. As Darwin wrote later in his _Autobiography_: ‘It was evident that such facts as these could only be explained on the supposition that species gradually became modified, and the subject haunted me. ‘” _Vocabulary of Critical Thinking_, p. 26 3. The following passage contains two arguments.
Write the conclusions and the supporting reasons for each argument on separate lines. On October 7th the Supreme Court heard its first religious-liberty case since recognising, in June, the right of some pious employers not to pay for some types of birth control for their staff. This time, in _Holt v Hobbs_, the aggrieved party is Gregory Holt, a Muslim inmate in Arkansas who says his faith requires him to wear a half-inch beard. Arkansas forbids this, arguing that a beard could be used to hide drugs, blades or telephone SIM cards.
Mr Holt . . .argues that the ban on beards violates his rights under a law that says prisons may only impinge on inmates’ religious lives if there is a “compelling governmental interest” at stake and they use the “least restrictive means” of pursuing it. He notes that Arkansas allows quarter-inch beards for inmates with skin conditions, and that 43 other states allow them for all prisoners. _Economist_, Oct 11-17, 2014 4. Based on the information in this passage, are the following two statements factual, or only opinions? Explain. (a) “The nurse’s symptoms are caused by the Ebola virus. ” fact.
(b) “The nurse was infected because she violated safety protocols when treating a patient. ” Opinion ;-[[[[[ Dallas Nurse Contracts Ebola Virus, Elevating Response and Anxiety DALLAS — A nurse here became the first person to contract Ebola within the United States, prompting local, state and federal officials who had settled into a choreographed response to scramble on Sunday to solve the mystery of how she became infected, despite wearing protective gear, and to monitor additional people possibly at risk. While the new Ebola patient was not publicly identified, officials said that she was a nurse who had helped treat Mr.
Duncan at a hospital here and that she may have violated safety protocols. It was the first confirmed instance of Ebola being transmitted in this country. She had extensive contact with Mr. Duncan on multiple occasions after his second visit and admission to the hospital on Sept. 28, Dr. Frieden said. A preliminary blood test was done at the state public health lab in Austin, and the positive result was received late Saturday evening, officials said. Late Sunday afternoon, the C. D. C. confirmed that she had Ebola after completing its own tests. Dr.
Daniel Varga, chief clinical officer of Texas Health Resources, which oversees Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, told reporters on Sunday that the worker had worn protective gear when coming in contact with Mr. Duncan, although he did not detail the type of contact. Despite Dr. Varga’s reassurances about C. D. C. precautions having been followed, Dr. Frieden said it appeared that the woman had breached safety protocol at the hospital, possibly when removing the protective gear. _New York Times_, 10/13/14 PART C. Please write an essay on the following topic. Smith describes four types of yoga in Hinduism.
They are all designed to lead to liberation and enlightenment. Siddhartha tries to achieve liberation and enlightenment. Does he follow any of the four types? Do his attempts to reach enlightenment resemble any of the types of Hindu yoga? _Suggestions:_ _- Please write on the front and back of the page in the exam booklet. _ _- Please write legibly, so I can read your answers and give you credit for them. _ _- Budget your time. You should probably allow about equal time for the three parts of the exam. _ _- You may answer the questions in any order; number your answers. _ _- If you have questions, come to the front and ask me.