Ethical knowledge, on the other hand is related to different moral issues and at the same time, needed to make the necessary judgments in a particular situation. It is said that we should be taking into account the different moral implications of the decisions that we make. These moral implications would not only affect the way nurses live but also the practice of nurses, making them aware of the ethical and moral issues that could affect the practice. Thus, this awareness includes philosophical positions that affect the rights and wrongs of nursing actions.
In addition, aesthetic knowledge is concerned with nursing together with the so-called art of nursing. This particular type of knowledge often involves perception, understanding and empathy which often include acknowledging the value of everyday experiences of the individuals. Thus, this particular type of knowledge is linked to the interpretative and constructive paradigms together with the phenomenological movement (Masterson, 1996). This particular knowledge is also called to intuitive actions. In the same way, the fourth pattern of knowing is personal knowledge.
This would often be objective and relies heavily on the self-awareness of nurses. Personal knowledge; however remains to be very important in all areas of the practice. In the same way, there are three components of personal knowledge as defined by Moch. These are: experiential knowing, interpersonal knowing and intuitive knowing. Experiential knowing would usually mean being able to participate actively in a certain activity that could help a certain nurse gain experience. This study may often be studied, related and reflected to previous knowledge and at the same time, reading literature on the experiences of others.
Interpersonal knowing then comes from the experiences one share with others from her environment and the knowledge one gains from the lessons they learn from these relationships. At the same time, the third component of personal knowledge is intuitive knowing or what is commonly known as intuition, which becomes the subject of debate among nurses. In making decisions for the patients, a certain nurse or health care professional is often affected by his or her own intuitive thinking. Knowledge on family centered care is obtained through personal knowledge. It is obtained through interviewing their patients and through literature review.
Reading about family centered care is very important. Why it is important in enhancing the quality of health care systems not just in the United States but also all over the world. At the same time, literature review shall give the researcher a very good understanding of the positive effects of family-centered health care as well as the disadvantages that comes along with it. Literature as a source of knowledge would mean a researcher looking into articles from the internet and other written materials that could provide more information regarding the topic.
One should keep track of the terms used and provide a record of concepts and information obtained. Through this, the researcher could get a better understanding of the specific area of interest. In finding about family centered care, it is important to interview the patients and their families about the services they receive from different health institutions. In nursing it is a very popular practice to obtain information from patients and their family members in redesigning the health care system to be of more service to their clients.