Eat a balanced diet

My case study’s BMI is 19.87 and according to this data she is the ideal weight. As her weight is ideal she does not need to lose weight. She is eating the right amount of food to keep her weight which is good for her health but although she is ideal it is very important to maintain her BMI and also eat a balanced diet. Maintaining the ideal weight is important for protection against obesity related illnesses and disabilities. It is really important that my case study has a balanced diet because a balanced diet contains carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals, and fibre. All of these should be taken in the right proportion.

1. Carbohydrates: these provide a source of energy. 2. Proteins: these provide a source of materials for growth and repair. 3. Fats: these provide a source of energy and contain fat soluble vitamins. 4. Vitamins: these are required in very small quantities to keep you healthy. 5. Mineral Salts: these are required for healthy teeth, bones, muscles etc. 6. Fibre: this is required to help your intestines function correctly; it is not digested.

BMI is different used differently for children. It is calculated the same way as adult but is then compared to the children of the same age. Another factor that could affect the BMI is the gender. BMI can be calculated in clinics without expensive experiments. BMI fails to take in account the proportions of fat, bone, cartilage, water weight frame size and muscularity. But this is different for athletes because athletes tend to have muscles that are denser than fat. Due to this athletes tend to be obese or over weight according to their BMI. Another physical measurement that is kind of related to the BMI is the height and weight of a person. According to my case study she is ideal in weight. There is a chart for the height and weight of a person and it is based on the body mass index of both women and men.

There are quite a lot of factors that affect your height and weight. The factors that affect your height are: Another negative aspect of my case study is that she doesn’t get sufficient sleep. Lack of sleep can badly affect the function of the brain. People who fail to get enough sleep after a long day at work can be outing their lives at risk. Those who sleep less than six hours a day don’t live as long as people who sleep more than seven hours a day. To overcome this problem she could make a sleep timetable or she could manage her time well or even talk to her General Practitioner. An additional aspect that is negative in my case study’s life is that she doesn’t have a balanced diet and this could cause problems to her body. She only has a meal at night and only eats a tiny portion throughout the day. This could cause problems to her body which could cause growth problems.

If she doesn’t have enough carbohydrates in her body she could feel tired. Carbohydrates can be found in potatoes. Too little protein could mean that her body won’t heal quickly. Proteins can be found in fish, meat, eggs. Too little fat in her body means that she will not get all the vitamins she needs for her body to work properly. Calcium is also necessary, for her bones, muscles and nerves. Calcium can be found in milk and cheese. Iron is needed to make haemoglobin in your blood. You can find iron in turkey, clams and oysters. Iodine is needed to control how fast your body works. It can be found in salt. If she doesn’t eat enough fibre the food won’t move smoothly through her digestive system.

Fibre can be found in wholemeal products such as bread.

Physically she will not be as strong as the people who are of the same age of her and eat a balanced diet. Intellectually she finds it hard to learn new skills as her brain wont function appropriately. Emotionally she does not feel good about herself as a balanced diet helps people to look good. Socially she does not socialize with herself because she does not feel good about herself and does not want to go out because she has a low self esteem. In addition to this she doesn’t also exercise much as she goes to work by car and comes back by car as well. So according to this I will have to make an exercise plan for her to become slightly healthier than she is. This plan will be followed by my client for about 2 months and each plan will take place one after the other. So they alternate each week. I have not included any meat dishes in the plans because my case study is a vegetarian.


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