Traditional Indian Medicine

Ayurveda (Sanskrit Ayurveda ???????? , “life-knowledge”; )or ayurvedic medicine is a system of traditional medicine native to the Indian subcontinent . The oldest known ayurvedic texts are the Susruta Sa? hita and the Charaka Sa? hita. These Classical Sanskrit encyclopedias of medicine are among the foundational and formally compiled works of ayurveda. Since Ayurveda is really the generic term for “traditional medicine” in India, actual practice may be widely divergent.

Descriptively, one may either focus on the historical foundation from the evidence of the earliest ayurvedic texts of the early centuries of the Common Era, or alternatively a description may take an ethnographic approach and focus on the forms of traditional medicine prevalent across India today.

Much like the medicine of classical antiquity, Ayurveda has historically taken the approach of enumerating bodily substances in the framework of the five classical elements (Sanskrit [maha]panchabhuta [, earth water, fire, air and aether), considering the seven “tissues” dhatu (Devanagari: saptadhatu ????????of plasma (rasa dhatu), blood (rakta dhatu), flesh (ma? sa dhatu), adipose (medha dhatu), bone (asthi dhatu), marrow (majja dhatu), and reproductive (sukra dhatu). [11]

Ayurveda stresses a balance of three elemental substances (do? a ??? ), analogous to classical humorism: Vayu / vata(air & space – “wind”), pitta (fire & water – “bile”) and kapha (water & earth – “phlegm”). ] One ayurvedic theory asserts that each human possesses a unique combination of do? as that define that person’s temperament and characteristics.

Each person has a natural systems state, or natural combination of the three elements, and should seek balance by structuring their behavior or environment to provide more of the element(s) they lack. [12] Another view, also present in the ancient literature, asserts that humoral equality is identical to health, and that persons with preponderances of humours are proportionately unhealthy, and that this is not their natural temperament. Siddha Medicine (” ????? ?????????? ” or ” ????? ?????????? ” in Tamizh) is one of the oldest medical systems known to mankind.

[1] Contemporary Tamizh literature holds that the system of Siddha medicine originated in Southern India, in the state ofTamil Nadu, as part of the trio Indian medicines – ayurveda, siddha and unani. Reported to have surfaced more than 10000 years ago,[2] the Siddha system of medicine is considered one of the most ancient traditional medical systems. ————————————————- “Siddhargal” or Siddhars were the premier scientists of ancient days. [3] Siddhars, mainly from Southern India laid the foundation for this system of medication.

Siddhars were spiritual adepts who possessed the ashta siddhis, or the eight supernatural powers. SageAgathiyar is considered the guru of all Sidhars, and the Siddha system is believed to have been handed over to him by LordMuruga, son of the Hindu God – Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi. So, the Siddhars are followers of Lord Shiva (Shaivaites). “Agathiyar” was the first Siddhar,[4] and his disciples and Siddhars from other schools produced thousands of texts on Siddha, including medicine, and form the propounders of the system to the world. [5] ————————————————-

Naturopathy, or naturopathic medicine, is a form of alternative medicine based on a belief in vitalism, which posits that a special energy called vital energy or vital force guides bodily processes such as metabolism, reproduction, growth, and adaptation. [1]Naturopathy favors a holistic approach with non-invasive treatment and, similar to conventional medicine, encourages minimal use of surgery and drugs. ————————————————- The term “naturopathy” is derived from Greek and Latin, and literally translates as “nature disease”. [2] Modern naturopathy grew out of the Natural Cure movement of Europe.

[3][4] The term was coined in 1895 by John Scheel and popularized by Benedict Lust,[5]the “father of U. S. naturopathy”. [6] Beginning in the 1970s, there was a revival of interest in the United States and Canada in conjunction with the holistic health movement. [6][7] Today, naturopathy is primarily practiced in the United States and Canada. [8]The scope of practice varies widely between jurisdictions, and naturopaths in unregulated jurisdictions may use the Naturopathic Doctor designation or other titles regardless of level of education. [9] ————————————————-

Yoga () is a commonly known generic term for the physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India with a view to attain a state of permanent peace. [1][2] Specifically, yoga is one of the sixastika (“orthodox”) schools of Hindu philosophy. One of the most detailed and thorough expositions on the subject is theYoga Sutras of Patanjali, which defines yoga as “the stilling of the changing states of the mind”[1] (Sanskrit: ??? : ????? -?????? ????? :). Yoga has also been popularly defined as “union with the divine” in other contexts and traditions.

[3] Various traditions of yoga are found in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. [4][5][6] ————————————————- Unani-tibb or Unani Medicine also spelled Yunani Medicine ( is a form of traditional medicine widely practiced by Muslims. It refers to a tradition of Graeco-Arabic medicine,[1][2] which is based on the teachings of Greek physician Hippocrates, and Roman physician Galen, and developed into an elaborate medical System byArab and Persian physicians, such as Rhazes (al-Razi), Avicenna (Ibn Sena), Al-Zahrawi, and Ibn Nafis.

[3] ————————————————- Unani medicine is based on the concept of the four humours: Phlegm (Balgham), Blood (Dam), Yellow bile (? afra’) and Black bile(Sauda’). [4][5] ————————————————- Sowa Rigpa ————————————————- Traditional Tibetan medicine is a centuries-old traditional medical system that employs a complex approach to diagnosis, incorporating techniques such as pulse analysis and urinalysis, and utilizes behavior and dietary modification, medicines composed of natural materials (e.g. , herbs and minerals) and physical therapies (e. g. Tibetan acupuncture,moxabustion, etc. ) to treat illness. ————————————————-

Marma Chikits Marma Chikitsa is a unique, ancient therapy. The knots that are formed in the energy channels of the body due to emotions and fine feelings are the cause of many diseases. This very gentle bodywork enhances the free flow of prana by releasing these blocks. Gentle touch on the Marma points in the body also vitalises the entire system.

Ayurveda or ayurvedic medicine is a system of traditional medicine native to the Indian subcontinent . The oldest known ayurvedic texts are the Susruta Sa? hita and the Charaka Sa? hita. These Classical Sanskrit encyclopedias of medicine are among the …

The focal point of this paper is to evaluate and analyze India’s traditional Medicine and its view of human nature. It should be remembered that the view of human nature generated by the India’s traditional Medicine or Ayurveda is deep …

Traditional medicine is a term used for all different types of unscienti? c knowledge systems used within various societies ever since the dawning of mankind. It is also sometimes referred to as folk medicine, mainly due to the fact that …

Traditional medicine vs. alternate medicine, is a subject of great scrutiny and speculation. An important point to understand is that both the systems share the same objective – a healthy and a safe body. While experts differ in their view …

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