I) Introduction ( Thesis statement)
Plastic surgery is one of procedures in medical process. It was a huge success in giving someone a new life. It was use to correct unattractive facial features that can attract ridicule as they were generally accepted. Unlike special patient who undergo plastic surgery to repair their unattractive features, teenagers do plastic surgery to fit in without realising the effect in the future. There is other type of plastic surgery that doesn’t involve cutting and stitching such as the use of special lasers to remove unwanted hair and sanding skin to improve severe scarring.
II) Body (topic sentences)
A. Plastic surgery does bring positive effects and negative effects to teenagers, both types of effect can bring causes towards teenagers emotional 1) The effect of plastic surgery of teenagers towards emotional
a) According to The Straits Times ( Low and Lim, 2011)
- It has been observed that many individuals undergoing plastic surgery tend to suffer from an obsession or an infatuation with their look. This can cause an addiction and may impel them to undergo plastic surgery several times.
- A common psychological disorder in this regard is known as ‘body dimorphic disorder’, where people develop such a distorted and weird perception of their body that they can’t be satisfied with any look.
b) According to Centre For Human Appearance (2005)
- Found that a year after receiving cosmetic surgery, 87% of patient reported stratification following their surgery including improvement in their overall body image and the body feature altered. They also experience less negative body image, emotion in social situation. (Aesthetic Surgery Journal, vol 25, p. 263-269)
c) According to Diagnostic And statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (1987)
- Several studies show that 7 to 12 percent of plastic surgery patient have same form of BDD (Body Dimorphic Disorder). People with BDD repeatedly change or examine the offending body parts to the point that the obsession interference with other aspect in their life.
B. Secondly, plastic surgery can bring effect towards teenagers physical as they can bring effect to their physical 2) The effect of plastic surgery towards physical.
a) According to Journal of Adolescent Health (Zuckerman and Abraham, 2008)
- In addition, the physiological and psychological reasons to delay these procedures, including concern about Body Dysmorphic Disorder and research findings regarding changes in teenager’s body image as their mature are described.
b) According to Ishani C. S (2010)
- However, going under the knife for achieving these results may not always turn out pleasant. We can see many such bad plastic surgery examples around us, especially among most celebrities who have been to cosmetic surgeons for nips, tucks, implants, lifts, veneers, etc. Let us take a look at some of the most (in) famous celebrity plastic surgery disasters and see what went wrong in each case.
c) According to Yusra (2010)
- An undesirable outcome in plastic surgery is when something goes wrong, and your results are not perfect. Perhaps too much collagen was used and the look is unnatural. Since everybody is different, cosmetic surgery is simply not an exact science. 40% of all rhinoplasty surgeries are corrective surgical procedures that are needed to fix the undesirable outcome
C. Lastly, plastic surgery does bring effect on teenagers financial, hence it cost a lot
a) According to Journal of Adolescent Health (2008)
- The long-term physical, emotional, and economic sequel of many popular cosmetic surgeries, including implants and liposuction, are unknown. Despite the documented risks, the general public has an inflated sense of the benefits and a minimized sense of the risks of plastic surgery
b) According to Yusra (May,2010)
- Plastic surgery is a very expensive method, which involves skin grafting. It can put tremendous financial pressure on you and your family. While accessing the cost of plastic surgery, people often tend to take into account the cost of the surgery only, and completely overlook the unexpected cost that can arise from postoperative complications. Individuals also forget to consider the cost of postoperative medications, which can’t be avoided, as it can result in further complications.
c) According to Credit Financing Guru (2009)
- This may mean that a loan or other finance is required to pay for the desired surgery. Whereas a year ago, cosmetic surgery loans were readily available, the credit crunch has forced lenders to tighten their lending criteria significantly. This means that finance is harder to obtain, however it is not impossible to secure a loan if you have a clean credit history, can demonstrate the ability to repay the loan, as determined by employment status and family circumstances.
The negative effects of plastic surgery of teenagers had causes lots of effect such as towards their emotional, physical and financial. BEL 492 “THE EFFECTS OF PLASTICS SURGERY TOWARDS TEENAGERS”.