Short-term Memory

Learning and memory is greatly based on term known as consolidation. This is known to define the process making your short-term memory progress to the long-term memory, where the information can be used for a lot more purposeful stuffs than just being thrown out from the memory. The experiment done was able to clarify various concepts and theories. At the same time, the short-term memory of the person was tested up to what extent would the short-term memory of the person can go to.

In the four various experiments done to test the short-term memory of the person, results have shown a great deal of evidence on how a brain can deal with lots of information in a short period of time. The first experiment done was able to show how the brain can definitely hold together seven number even with the presence of the various interferences. The person who did the experiment was able to remember all the seven digits phone number even though he had a hard time maintaining all the numbers in his mind.

He made his walk towards the telephone a bit faster, and at the same time, he used humming as a method of pushing away the other numbers being thrown at him by the other partner (random numbers being shouted). The second experiment which showed partial consolidation of the memory set in the mind of the partner was indeed successful. The partner in the experiment was able to keep almost all the numbers, except for missing one number which was incorrect.

However, from the said experiment, in can be understood that repetition can be of good help to retain the information left in the mind. For the third experiment, it can be proven that once a number is already stored in a person’s long-term memory, it will always be available even if interferences are utilized. Shouting various numbers at the partner did not totally interfere with him when he tried recalling the number of Ben.

Though it was kinda difficult for him to retain the numbers in mind because the new set of numbers being dictated to him are trying to take the place of the original number, still, the information stored in the long-term memory was used. On the other hand, the last experiment revealed the essence of the picture’s importance on the person making him knowledgeable of all the details found in the picture. The picture that we utilized was his favorite family picture that he hasn’t seen for a while.

However, the memory and joy attached to that picture made him recall the details found in it, even though there were minimal differences. The actual picture possesses all the family members plus their grandparents, a vase on a table, and the dog. The partner was able to say all of those details, however, there were some more details added such as his aunts and uncles. It is possible that the partner wished to have included his uncles and aunts in the picture. This made his memory associate them in the picture even if they aren’t really there.

These results identified for this project reveals the ability of the short-term memory to keep information and facts in mind with the use of repetition. Also, it demonstrated how sensitive is the short-term memory when it comes to interruptions or interferences from the surroundings (Coon and Mitterer, 2010). This is one of the reasons why some people either have the memory disrupted or somehow altered. Works Cited Coon, Dennis and John O. Mitterer. Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior.

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