Respiratory Organ System

Respiratory Organ System

            Respiratory System is one of the significant bodily systems. It plays a major role inside the circulation of the human body. One affected part of the respiratory system may cause great damages in other bodily processes. Respiratory System keeps the body from continuous accumulation of oxygen and to do away with carbon dioxide. Respiratory system is made of lungs, trachea, bronchi, pharynx, nasal passages and larynx.  Lungs are the principal respiratory organs of most non- aquatic vertebrates. Lungs are enclosed in a cavity of the thorax or chest and are usually paired. In the body the lungs are divided into thousands of microscopic compartments called the alveoli. The movement of the diaphragm and of the rib muscles cause the lungs to expand and contract, taking air into the lungs (inhaling) and forcing it out (exhaling). The walls of the air sacs of the lungs are lined with tiny blood vessels. The blood gives off carbon dioxide and takes on oxygen through the thin walls of the capillaries. The blood is then returned of the heart and pumped to the various parts of the body to supply the cells with oxygen. The cells then diffuse carbon dioxide into the blood through the capillary walls and the blood passes back to the lungs.

            In good health, a delicate balance of fluids, electrolytes, and acids and bases is maintained in the body. This balance, or physiologic homeostasis, depends on multiple physiologic processes that regulate fluid intake and output and the movement of water and the substances dissolved in it between the body compartments. Almost every little illness has the potential to threaten this balance. Even in daily living, excessive temperatures or vigorous activities can disturb the balance if adequate water and salt intake is not maintained. The volume and composition of body fluids is regulated through several homeostatic mechanisms. A number of body systems contribute to this regulation, including the kidneys, the endocrine system, the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal system, and most especially the respiratory system.  Respiratory system provides oxygen and disposes of carbon dioxide in all bodily systems like the endocrine system, lymphatic system, digestive system, urinary system, muscular system, nervous system, cardiovascular system, reproductive system, integumentary system and skeletal system. . We all know that oxygen is one of the primary components for all body processes that are happening.


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