Research for hypothesis 2

Survey Questions 5 and 6 will help to identify changes in the delivery of service that have been noticed by individual patients. While responses to these questions will provide a more recent snapshot of the health care services in the area, they will not provide a long term history. The results of Survey Questions 5 and 6 will be correlated with records of hospital closures and other reductions in services. Costs The survey will require the use of qualified bilingual surveyors who are familiar with research methods. These surveyors will be compensated at a rate of $50 per hour.

Other costs include the cost of printing survey forms and the final report, computers to be used to tabulate and analyze the data that is received, the rental of office space during the research project, and incidental expenses. The total estimated budget for the project will be under $100,000. Conclusion Despite political rhetoric about the need for immigration reform, the surge of illegal immigrants who are coming across California’s southern border shows no sign of subsiding. If anything, government policies such as Medi-Cal and other programs have encouraged this behavior.

The consequences of unchecked illegal immigration can be seen in virtually all areas of American life, including schools, prisons, and changes in the American culture. In the health care arena, the consequences of illegal immigration have included a dramatic increase in the number of uninsured patients and the subsequent lack of payment to hospitals for services rendered. As noted in the literature review, lack of payments from uninsured patients has forced some hospitals in the United States to close their facilities or to reduce the services that are offered to people who live in their service area.

In essence, non-paying consumers of health care services represent a double tax that is placed on patients who pay. First, taxpayers pay for the care and treatment of these patients through Medicare, Medi-Cal, and other programs. Secondly, taxpayers also pay through increased insurance premiums and higher costs of treatment that are required to offset the income that is lost due to non-payment. This study seeks to add to the body of literature about the effects of illegal immigration on American citizens and legal immigrants.

References California Medical Association (2004). The ER Crisis: Impact of the Uninsured on Emergency Care. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www. calphys. org/assets/applets/er_report_072704. pdf DeNavas-Walt, C. , Proctor, B. , and Smith, J. (2007). Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2006. U. S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-233. Washington, D. C. : U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www. census. gov/prod/2007pubs/p60-233. pdf Dower, C. (2005).

Bilingual Proficiency among California’s Health Care Professionals. San Francisco: UCSF Center for Health Professionals. Retrieved April 8, 2008, from http://www. futurehealth. ucsf. edu/pdf_files/Bilngual%20Proficiency%202005. pdf Green, A. , and Martin, J. (2004). Uncontrolled immigration and the U. S. health care system. Journal of Social, Political & Economic Studies, 29 (2), p225-241. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from Academic Search Premier. Hanson, V. (2003). Mexifornia: A State of Becoming. New York: Encounter Books.

Larrubia, E. (2007). “Delivering dual benefits”. The Los Angeles Times, November 30, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www. latimes. com/news/local/la-me-immigbaby23dec23,0,92028. story? coll=la-home-headlines Martin, J. and Mehlman, I. (2004). The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Californians. Washington, D. C. : Federation for American Immigration Reform. Retrieved April 8, 2008, from http://www. fairus. org/site/DocServer/ca_costs. pdf? docID=141 Passel, J. (2005). Unauthorized Migrants: Numbers and Characteristics.

Background Briefing Prepared for Task Force on Immigration and America’s Future. Washington, D. C. : Pew Hispanic Center. Retrieved April 1, 2008, from http://www. pewtrusts. org/uploadedFiles/wwwpewtrustsorg/Reports/Hispanics_in_America/PHC_immigrants_0605. pdf Sacchetti, M. (2008). Commission hears testimony on US immigration raids. The Boston Globe, April 8, 2008. Retrieved April 8, 2008, from http://www. boston. com/news/local/articles/2008/04/08/commission_hears_testimony_on_us_immigration_raids/.

Although much has been written and said about immigration reform, very little has been done about it. Advocates for illegal immigrants claim that undocumented workers are essential to the economy (Passel, 2005). Employers, for example, hire illegal immigrants because these …

To test Hypothesis 1, the proposed research project will use an experimental survey design to gather information from patients and/or their family members who will be found in emergency rooms in the Los Angeles area. In the experimental design, the …

Although illegal immigrants are known to shy away from demanding too much of health care because it could eventually lead them to trouble with the INS due to the involvement of paperwork, it remains a fact that these people have …

The United States has been a sought after destination by migrants from all over the World. While legal immigration is more than welcome as it caters to the needs of the society, illegal immigrations are a cause of concern. The …

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