Pharmacology – Drugs

Contents Prescription Only Drugs – Veterinarian and Authorised Veterinary Medicines – General Sales List (AVM – GSL) Drugs. 1. How should the above drugs be controlled within a work place? i. Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. ii. Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. iii. Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002. iv. Medicines Regulations 1994. v. Retailer’s Records for Veterinary Medical Products Regulations 2000. vi. Veterinary Medicines Regulations 2005. 2. Outline the type of policies that should be in place in a work place for the dispensing of these types of drugs.

Page 2 of 6 Barony College Instrument of Assessment Introduction Within the veterinary practiced there are many drug all of which must be keep away from the public and their animals too to prevent any animals health deteriorating, theft and possibly human consumption of drugs intended for animal use to treat a specific illness which has been diagnosed by a qualified veterinary surgeon.

There is important legislation that a practice must comply with or they would be breaking the law and could possibly cause unintended harm to members of the public, children and/or animals.

A great deal of care must be taken when deciding where and how prescription only drugs are stored in the surgery. Misuse of drugs act 1971 The purpose of the misuse of drugs act 1971 is to restrict the access of controlled drugs stored in the veterinary practice. It also includes any other premises in which the drugs may be stored such as a house, vehicle or other premises where the drugs may be temporarily stored. Controlled drugs may be used inappropriately by people for recreational uses which can cause intentional or unintentional death.

Due to this veterinary surgeons are responsible for securely storing and ensuring there is no direct access by members of the public which does include friends and family, employees should only have access as appropriate. This is why a veterinary surgeon must comply with the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 when storing prescription only drugs within the work place. Under this Act it is an offence for any person knowingly to permit the production, supply and/or use of controlled substances on their premises unless the circumstances are exceptional i.e. the drugs have been prescribed by a doctor or veterinary surgeon.

Page 3 of 6 Barony College Instrument of Assessment The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 is a primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety. This Act is in place to keep the employees as safe as possible in the workplace. Employees will be educated on what drugs they can sell to members of the public without that drug being prescribed, keeping the employee, customer and animal safe.

An employee should be provided with a safe and maintained working environment as well as appropriate training in the safe use, handling and storage of dangerous substances such as some drugs they may come in contact with. Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 (COSHH) This legislation comes under the health and safety act. In relation to prescription drugs in the veterinary practice all drugs must be controlled. There will be a system in place to keep certain drugs very controlled, such as having a locked cupboard to keep very hazardous drugs in, this will strongly prevent them getting into the wrong hands and causing harm to people or animals.

Each drug will have been reviewed by a veterinary surgeon as to where it should be in the practice according to the contents, active ingredient, purpose and the effect on animals. An employer should ensure all employees are educated in the drugs kept on the premises e. g. some drugs may need to be handled only when wearing gloves. Employees must be aware of this as it could cause harm to them or the person sold to as treatment for an animal. Page 4 of 6 Barony College Instrument of Assessment Medicines Regulations 1994.

This covers many laws and regulations regarding drug and the dispensing of them. Drugs dispensed Revoked and replaced every year. Controls the manufacture, advertising, marketing, supply and administration. Page 5 of 6 Barony College Instrument of Assessment Bibliography Insert details of any – ?

Books BSAVA Small Animal Formulary ?Newspapers ?Journals ?Websites ?Etc ?Referred to http://www. noahcompendium. co. uk http://www. rcvs. org. uk/shared_asp_files/uploadedfiles/rcvs/56b9fb dc-ffd1-4d6c-9217- 2fe41aa971e6_an23_accesscontrolleddrugs. pdfin your report.

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