Hereditary: tumor formation in the opening of the appendix Modifiable ? Diet: People whose diet is low in fiber and rich in refined carbohydrates ? Infections: Gastrointestinal infections such as Amebiasis, Bacterial Gastroenteritis, Mumps Obstruction of the appendix by (fecalith (hardened stool), lymph node, tumor, foreign objects) Increase in pressure inside the appendix lumen that result to distention of appendix Impaired venous return causing hyperemia (improper O2, and nutrient supply).
Normal bacteria found in appendix begin to invade (infect) the lining of the wall Inflammatory Response – body response to the bacterial invasion in the wall of appendix. Increased Immune complex (disease plus antibody) causes swelling of tissue resulting to inflammation of appendix S/S: abdominal pain, fever, and increase swelling of appendix. Vomiting and loss of appetite Pain- located @ RLQ, causing Guarding, Vomiting & loss of appetite inflammation and infection spread through the wall of the appendix causing death of tissue. The appendix ruptures due to increase pressure.
(Perforation) Appendectomy, pain medications Appendectomy with explore laparotomy Pain and Antibiotic medications Perforation (formation of a hole in an organ), fecal materials exits to peritoneal cavity causing formation of abscesses (periappendiceal abscess). Infection can spread throughout the abdomen (peritoneal cavity) Bacterial invasion of Peritoneal Cavity causing inflammation of the membrane that lines the abdomen peritoneum (Peritonitis) S/S: swelling of the abdomen, severe pain, and weight loss.
Strong antibiotic Medication Sepsis (the condition or syndrome caused by the presence of microorganisms or their toxins in the tissue or the bloodstream ) Septecemia LEGEND AAA-Pathophysiology AAA-Signs and symtoms AAA-medical intervention Bold letters (AAA, AAA, AAA) – are pathophysiology and signs and symtoms present to patient -medical intervention done to patient IF NOT TREATED` IF TREATED Septic Shock S/S: • decrease Blood pressure • decrease blood volume COMA DEATH Fluid Volume Replacement therapy RECOVERY.