Moreover, there are some educational activities that should be recommended for these babies such as infant stimulation that must be done, however the premature babies do not like stimulation so this factor should be taken care of and the parents must make sure that they do not make the baby aggressive by doing so. New born babies can differenciate between odors, so they should be made to smell and the vision pathways of a baby basically develops in the trimester of pregnancy so if the baby ispremature, he might find difficulties and for this, we can move brightly colored objects, try shadow play, put colourful pictures in the house, etc.
Other than this, things can be done to improve the baby’s motion and hearing capabilities. There are even certain tests and measures used to evaluate them and every child should be properly assessed by an independent examiner. Development can be evaluated using Bayley Scales of Infant Development, and neurologic function can be evaluated by a consistent examination.
Disability and severe disability would be distincted by a criterion that is already determined and the baby can be examined in a hospital, a clinic or any health center. The assessment starts with a detailed medical history obtained from a semistructured interview with the family; a clinical examination, including neurologic appraisal; a categorization of the degree and kind of disability; a practical categorization of hearing and visual ability; and a growth evaluation.
Development is assessed with the use of Bayley Scales of Infant Development, which yields scores for mental and psychomotor growth with a regularity mean of 100 and standard deviation of 15 points and scores over 100 indicates advanced development for age. Development is considered severely impaired if the scores are less than 55, reasonably impaired if they are 55 to 69, and a little impaired if they are 70 to 84. (Santrock, 2008).
Reference Santrock, J. W. (2008). Life-Span development. 12th Edn. McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages.