Over the years, the demand for effective control and treatment of the diseases has increased for varying diseases and ailments. This has been the case for Migraines and Coronary Heart Disease in the all over the world. Due to their severe effects, psychological therapy has played a major role in understanding and managing these health problems (Irving at al, 2003). Migraines are a neurological syndrome that is mostly characterized by alterations of bodily perceptions, nausea and headaches.
However, typical migraine headache is usually unilateral and pulsating with a lasting period of 4-72 hours and characterized by vomiting, photophobia and high levels of nausea (William, et al, 2008). This condition is more prevalent in older women. On the other hand coronary heart disease presents a condition where proper circulation of blood and oxygen are limited to the heart vessels and tissues. This condition is mainly caused by narrowing of small arteries that are normally responsible for the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. This disease is a leading cause of death for both men and women in US.
Though the disease affects people of all the ages, it is more prevalent to the people of the age 40 years and above. Coronary heart Disease and Migraines are associated with head ache and high blood pressure in the bodies of the affected people (Steinman et al, 2006). Multifactoral model and its relation to diagnosis of the diseases. According to William, et al (2008), Migraines and Coronary Heart Disease have been linked to many causes in nature that range from artificial to natural aspects of life. However, in majority of the cases, it is possible to control the diseases especially by assuming careful diets and living positively.
To begin with, both diseases have been attributed to diverse biological factors. People with severe Migraines and coronary heart disease have mostly been traced to have a lineage of families that previously suffered the same condition (Modi & Lowder, 2006). Besides, reactivity of cardiovascular system to stress has also been associated with genetics of specific lineages. Therefore people in a given community or related interlink may get themselves with recurrent higher vulnerability than others especially with diabetes that forms one of the major causes of coronary heart disease (Steinman et al, 2006).
According to vascular theory, migraines can begin when blood vessels especially in the brain contract and expand inappropriately starting the occipital lobe as arteries spasm that triggers aura. After constriction stops the blood vessels dilate and become wider making the once solid lining to become permeable and leak out inducing chemicals release from the body that results to painful inflammation and severe headaches. Like coronary heart disease, migraines attacks may also be triggered by various internal and external factors in the human body.
Allergic reactions, bright colors, loud noise, varying odors and perfumes as well as physical and emotional stress may trigger migraines in an individual. Besides, exposure to smoke and cigarette smoking, skipping meals, alcohol taking, tyramine containing foods and sleep patterns could also trigger the same condition at varying capacities in different people (Irving at al, 2003). Whereas some of these factors are controllable or avoidable others like menstrual cycle fluctuations may be hard to control. At times, migraines and coronary heart diseases occur without direct or major detectable cause.