I was exposed with Tuberculosis in 2010 at my job by a patient, was the worse experienced ever. Being on 3 types of antibiotics for 9 months straight and lose of weight of 102 from 120 in one week. My appetite, energy dropped dramatically. In 2 two weeks been treated and taking the medication I realized that I was losing my hair and eye lashes and getting fungus on my toes. All this side affects where from the medications. The feeling on knowing that I was exposed by a patient, who was not educated and came from other country having tuberculosis without him knowing about it, was frustrating and ignorant.
I can still remember the pain and agony. As of now, I am still dealing to get my health and had developed other health problems, like depression, anxiety and insomnia. Tuberculosis has changed my life for ever. I thank god for giving me the strength and positive attitude of knowing that everything is ok and it will be fine that, I am lucky and fortunate and that is cure and help for and anyone.
Once rare in developed countries, tuberculosis infections began increasing in 1985, partly because of the emergence of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens a person’s immune system so it can’t fight the 2 INFECTIOUS DISEASE TB germs. In the United States, because of stronger control programs, tuberculosis began to decrease again in 1993, but remains a concern. This inflammatory response is tightly regulated by both the host and the bacterium during different stages of infection.
As infection progresses, the initial intense pro-inflammatory response observed is regulated by suppressive mediators balancing inflammation. In this environment, M. tuberculosis battles to survive interfering with the host inflammatory response. In this review we discuss the major effectors molecules involved in inflammation in relation to the different stages of M. tuberculosis infection.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects your lungs. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from one person to another through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes. People with active tuberculosis must take several types of medications for many months to eradicate the infection and prevent development of antibiotic resistance. 3 INFECTIOUS DISEASE Medications are the cornerstone of tuberculosis treatment.
But treating TB takes much longer than treating other types of bacterial infections. With tuberculosis, you must take antibiotics for at least six to nine months. The exact drugs and length of treatment depend on your age, overall health, possible drug resistance, the form of TB (latent or active) and the infection’s location in the body. Active tuberculosis, particularly if it’s a drug-resistant strain, will require several drugs at once. The most common medications used to treat tuberculosis include: ?Isoniazid ?Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) ?Ethambutol (Myambutol) ?Pyrazinamide.
In some countries where tuberculosis is more common, infants often are vaccinated with bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine because it can prevent severe tuberculosis in children. The BCG vaccine isn’t recommended for general use in the United States because it isn’t very effective in adults. Dozens of new tuberculosis vaccines are in various stages of development and testing. The best way to not get exposed is to stay home, wear a mask, clean you station at work and at home, keep your children out 4 INFECTIOUS DISEASE of any potential sick of the environments if any is exposed and it sick.
Best way also is still continue treat and not stop. Educate yourself and talk your doctor how to prevent and how to treat. Ending or not continuing treatment leads to death and danger for other people. Medical facilities and hospital are aware and prepared of the potential hazard of exposure of TB. There is help out there on your community, for any who has been exposed and treatment to cure and keep you from spreading tuberculosis to others.
There are programs that offer help for vaccination, programs that responsible for public health surveillance, prevention research, and programs to prevent and control HIV and AIDS, other STDs, and TB.
5 INFECTIOUS DISEASE Reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www. cdc. gov/tb/publications/faqs/default. htm. Accessed June 7, 2014. Zumla A, et al. Tuberculosis. New England Journal of Medicine. 2013;386:745. Toossi Z. Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz). 2000; 48(6):513-9. Toossi Z. , Gogate P. , Shiratsuchi H. , Young T. , Ellner J. J. (1995). Enhanced production of TGF-? by blood monocytes from patients with active tuberculosis and presence of TGF-? in tuberculous granulomatous lung lesions. J. Immunol. 154, 465–473 [PubMed] 6.