How To Cope With Stress

There have been so many developments in the world today that have made work easier. The inventions that have been introduced in this and the recent century have all been geared towards making mane’s life easier. While it is true that there are already so many inventions and technological devices that have been invented to help people accomplish more at work, the result is far from the anticipated goal of allowing people to rest more.

The increased capability of performing more work has been off-set by the fact that more and more tasks are placed upon the employees. The fact paced working environment and steady competition has changed the way work is being done and increased the stress levels. When a few decades ago companies only had to contend with local or national competition, the current business environment faces competition from firms and companies all over the world (Sedgeman 2005).

This short discourse will therefore discuss the problems related to stress and the ways by which it can be dealt with, particularly in the workplace. Another factor which adds to the stress in any working environment, aside from the increased pressure to produce more, is the fact that the stress in the work place negatively affects the health of employees thus causing more absences and adding more pressure to catch up with the work load.

Lazarus and Folkman suggest that stress can be thought of as resulting from an “imbalance between demands and resources” or as occurring when “pressure exceeds ones perceived ability to cope” (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). This means that the added stress due to the work actually lends more to the stress level thus compounding the stress that people already experience.

The most common reasons for stress are poor working conditions such as excessive noise or heat and crowded or poorly designed workspaces, a lack of control over work, time pressures, long or inflexible working hours, too much or too little work or responsibility, confusion about duties and responsibilities, including role ambiguity, a lack of variety and interest in job, inadequate training and possibilities for learning new skills, poor work-life balance, difficult relationships with supervisors and coworkers, lack of support from colleagues, isolation from colleagues, organizational confusion, restructuring, and job change (Bower 2004).

All of these factors contribute to stress at the work place. It is important to note however that the effect or weight of each of these factors differs from person to person. Over the years, there has been more emphasis on job specialization and training. Aside from performing the regular work tasks, employees are also expected and pressured to meet higher expectations and maintain their competitive edge constantly. These factors were not as prevalent in the work place a few decades ago as they are now.

This results in higher stress levels among employees meaning that the greater the demands on the employees the greater the work pressure. This is a serious concern not only for employees but for employers because the additional stress makes the employees less productive at work. Now that the reasons for stress have been enumerated, the next relevant step lies in outlining the reasons why it is important to do something about this. From the perspective of the employer, there are added production benefits that reducing stress can add to the corporation.

From a sociological perspective, the long term benefits of reducing stress in the workplace also contribute to the overall welfare of society. As been found in certain studies, people who are more relaxed and experience less stress are more likely to be better family members. They have more family time and a number of these people do not belong to broken families. Now that the benefits of reducing stress and how to cope with stress have been discussed, it is important to now lay out how this can be dealt with at the office level.

There have been a number of studies on the relationship between stress and job performance that show that as the level of work related stress increases the job performance and satisfaction level also changes (Sedgeman 2005). Some of the consequences of stress include, job-related consequences such as low performance and absenteeism, emotion related consequences such as irritability and depression which affect work place relationships, and physiological consequences such as high blood pressure and other illnesses (Bower 2004).

All of these consequences affect the worker’s ability to perform his/her task at work and are also detrimental to the work atmosphere as more irritable people are less likely to contribute to team-related tasks and goals. Absenteeism is also a problem as it directly affects the work output of not only an individual worker but of the team or unit as well. Many techniques have been implemented to reduce worker stress. In a number of Japanese firms, certain activities such as worker exercise programs have been implemented in an effort to keep the employees in better shape (Bower 2004).

Other workplaces over the world have taken advantage of the technical advances in communications technology and used these to reduce worker stress levels. Some of these programs include the permitting of certain employees to telecommute at least once or twice a week in order to create a more relaxed yet productive working environment. Other programs included involving the families of the workers in group activities and corporate activities.

While these have been shown to have mixed effects in relation to coping with stress, these activities have also shown that the most important way of dealing with work related stress lies in showing the employees that their employer cares about their welfare and is instituting programs to deal with such. In the long run, there is really no sure fire method of dealing with stress. There will always be different stress levels and methods of coping with them. The most important thing that remains, however, is that something is done.A proactive stance is still better than anything.


Bower, J. E. & Segerstrom, S. C. (2004). Stress management, finding benefit, and immune function: positive mechanisms for intervention effects on physiology. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 56(1): 9-11 Sedgeman, J. A. (2005). Health Realization/Innate Health: Can a quiet mind and a positive feeling state be accessible over the lifespan without stress-relief techniques? Med. Sci. Monitor 11(12) HY47-52. Lazarus, R. S. , & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal and Coping. New York: Springer.

Organized workplaces are going through metamorphic changes under intense economic transformations and consequent pressures. Reorganizations, takeovers, mergers, downsizing and other changes have become major stressors for employees, as companies try to live up to the competition to survive. High Demand …

Throughout the first and second year of studying Business and Human Resource Management, I was always able to manage stress and time effectively. During the First semester of Year three I also found that I was able to use my …

The existence and importance of stress was first recognized in America in 1950s. (Farber, 1983) A machine operator named James Carter cracked up while working on the General Motors production line in Detroit. Mr. Carter had what is now commonly …

Bruce Bower, a contributor for Science News, has written a brief but comprehensive and detailed review about how emotional stress affects the health of individuals. In this case, the link between emotional stress and the health and wellbeing of man …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out