Due to the increased pressure

Due to the increased pressure in the esophageal vein channels brought by cirrhotic hepatic hypertension and/or blockage in the primary vein channels, distention and enlargement of these vein networks in the esophagus occur and eventually lead to formation of esophageal varices.

The condition is diagnosed by manual viewing of the upper GI tract through endoscopy, while severe cases of esophageal varices are diagnosed through laboratory results of prothrombin index, phosphatase activity and hyaluronate biochemical increase. Risk factors associated to the formation of varices are excessive alcohol intake and liver disease.

Lastly, the life-threatening danger of the disease is the actual rupture of these varices, which may cause acute hemorrhage. IV.


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Several risk components have been identified by McPhee, Papadakis and Tierney (2007) revolving in the condition of hepatic portal interruptions and increased vein pressure in the esophageal area. These include (a) age, (b) severity of liver disease and (c) alcohol …

Esophageal varix is characterized by an enlarged and distended vein or artery commonly occurring in distal vessels of the esophagus. Etiologies of the disease are commonly associated to chronic obstruction of esophageal drainage systems, pathological increased of blood pressure in …

The distention and enlargement of veins in esophageal varices are not entirely the primary clinical concern but the deadly rupturing of these varices. Analyzing the disease process, the rupture of these veins can immediately cause extreme hemorrhagic complication and blood …

One of the consequences of the narrow arteries resulting from atherosclerosis is the decline in the amount of blood from the heart passing through the arteries to reach the other parts of the body. This leads to a condition referred …

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