Based on these emerging ideologies, Dr. Watson was able to develop nursing values and practices of human caring directed towards subjective evaluation of the inner healing processes and how the person experiences the world in which he/she is placed. In addition, development was necessary in unique caring-healing practices and a caring model called as “carative factors,” that although complemented the existing conventional medicinal practice however stood in severe contrast to the so-called “curative factors.
” Lastly, the caring theory as an emerging philosophy aimed to balance the standard cure orientation of medicine which gives nursing its unique disciplinary and professional status (Watson, 2006). The Basis of the Human Caring Theory: The Ten Carative Factors The human caring theory, one that was originally developed in 1979, was structured revolving around ten carative factors as the outline for providing a format and is used to center these nursing phenomena.
Although, these carative factors are still the current terminology for the core of nursing that provides a structure for the initial frameworks, developments have been made already in order to suit the needs of current nursing researches and standards. From the carative factors, the concept of “clinical caritas” and “caritas processes” is introduced that is similar to the carative factors however they are more fluid and contemporary with the current research.
According to the Cara (2003), the carative factors from the original work are outlined below: “Formation of a Humanistic-altruistic structure of values; Instillation of faith-hope; Cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others; Growth of a helping-trusting, human caring association; Encouragement and approval of the expression of optimistic and pessimistic way of thinkings; Systematic use of a ingenious problem-solving caring methods; Promotion of transpersonal teaching-learning;
Conditions for a supportive, protective, and/or corrective mental, physical, communal, and divine situation; Support with satisfaction of human needs; Allowance for existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces. ” Although some of the fundamental ideologies of the original factors are still true and are certainly used as the grounds for some theory-guided nursing practice models and studies, current advance is the evolution of these factors and even the framework itself from the carative factors into clinical caritas processes.