CANCER, a 6 letter word that makes our world upside down, but do you know what cancer is? More than one half of a million people are exposed to die of cancer this year. That’s more than 1500 a day. An average of 1/2 men and 1/3 women will develop cancer. Cancer can affect anyone so you can gain something from this speech by being informed about cancer and how to prevent it. Cancer is a serious disease that may be preventable and curable. I will discuss what cancer is, ways to prevent it, the causes of cancer, most common types and the different types of treatments for it.
Cancer is a condition of uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. Cancerous cells are also called malignant cells. Normal cells usually grow and divide to replace old or dead cells. Cancer cells continue to grow and divide. They accumulate in one place. Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer.
Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start – for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer that begins in melanocytes of the skin is called melanoma. A person can take different measures to lower his/hers chances of developing cancer. Lifestyle can affect the chances of future cancer development. You can reduce the risk of getting a cancerous (malignant) tumor by: Eating a healthy diet Exercising regularly Limiting alcohol Maintaining a healthy weight Minimizing your exposure to radiation and toxic chemicals Not smoking or chewing tobacco
Reducing sun exposure, especially if you burn easily Cancer screenings, such as mammography and breast examination for breast cancer and colonoscopy for colon cancer, may help catch these cancers at their early stages when they are most treatable. Some people at high risk for developing certain cancers can take medication to reduce their risk. Causes for cancer vary but the most common things that develop cancer are Benzene and other chemicals Drinking excess alcohol Environmental toxins, such as certain poisonous mushrooms and a type of poison that can grow on peanut plants (aflatoxins) Excessive sunlight exposure.
Genetic problems Obesity Radiation Viruses However, the cause of many cancers remains unknown. The three most common types of cancer in men are: Prostate cancer Lung cancer Colon cancer The three most common cancers in women are: Breast cancer Colon cancer Lung cancer There are various treatments for cancer. Treatment varies based on the type of cancer and its stage. The stage of a cancer refers to how much it has grown and whether the tumor has spread from its original location. If the cancer is confined to one location and has not spread, the most common treatment approach is surgery to cure the cancer.
This is often the case with skin cancers, as well as cancers of the lung, breast, and colon. If the tumor has spread to local lymph nodes only, sometimes these can be removed. If surgery cannot remove all of the cancer, the options for treatment include radiation, chemotherapy, or both. Some cancers require a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Lymphoma, or cancer of the lymph glands, is rarely treated with surgery. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are most often used to treat lymphoma.
Cancer is a condition of uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that evolve into tumors. Fatty foods, smoking, and drinking all affect the chances of developing cancer. Treatments include surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy. There are a lot of causes for cancer but you can eliminate your chances by taking better routines.
Remember an ounce of prevention is a quart of cure. “Introduction and Conclusion to Cancer” StudyMode. com. 03 2011. 2011. 03 2011 . http://www. uta. edu/faculty/sandieidziak/1301/1301%20Informative%20Speech%20Sample%20Speech. htm.